The original Home Nations Championship (the first international rugby union tournament) was played between teams from England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales. In 1940 this became the Five Nations Championship with the addition of France, which in turn became the Six Nations Championship in 2000 when Italy joined the competition. The record winners of the Home Nations, Five Nations and Six Nations tournaments, is England with 29 outright titles (and an additional 10 shared titles), Wales follow closely with 27 (12) wins and France are 3rd with 17 (8) wins.
A Grand Slam is awarded when a team wins all of its games and the wooden spoon is "awarded" to the team that finished last. England have won the most Grand Slams with 13 titles in total.
After four wins from four games, Ireland won the Six Nations championship on the 10th of March 2018. A week later, on St. Patrick's Day, Ireland beat England 24-15 to secure their third ever Grand Slam.
Under the leadership of Warren Gatland, with crucial tries from George North and Josh Adams, Wales won all five games to complete the Grand Slam. This is their 27th Six Nations title overall and their first Grand Slam since 2012.
After a surprise opening day defeat to France, England returned to form again to dismiss Scotland, Ireland and Wales putting themselves in pole position. However, due to the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic, the last round of the Six Nations was postponed and later rescheduled to be played in October. Once matches resumed England comfortably beat Italy to win the competition.
The 2021 Six Nations Championship will be the 22nd series of the Six Nations, the 127th edition of the competition altogether. England will look to retain the title this year after their win in 2020.
England 6 - 11 Scotland | Saturday, 6th February | Twickenham Stadium, London
England 41 - 18 Italy | Saturday, 13th February | Twickenham Stadium, London
Wales 40 - 24 England | Saturday, 27th February | Principality Stadium, Cardiff
England 23 - 20 France | Saturday, 13th March | Twickenham Stadium, London
Ireland 32 - 18 England | Saturday, 20th March | Aviva Stadium, Dublin
Teams are awarded league points depending on the result of the match:
Teams can also be awarded bonus points if they meet the following criteria in a match:
The Grand Slam winner, should there be one, will be awarded an additional 3 points to make sure that they finish top of the table.